49 Amazing Facts About TSMC


TSMC, short for Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, is a global leader in the semiconductor industry. Founded in 1987, the company has grown to become the world’s largest dedicated semiconductor foundry, manufacturing chips for some of the biggest names in technology, including Apple, Nvidia, and AMD. In this article, we’ll explore 49 fascinating facts about TSMC that highlight its remarkable journey, innovative spirit, and impact on the tech industry.

49 Amazing Facts About TSMC

  1. TSMC was founded in 1987 by Dr. Morris Chang, a former employee of Texas Instruments.
  2. The company’s initial investment was $300 million, with funding from the Taiwanese government and Philips Electronics.
  3. TSMC was the first dedicated semiconductor foundry in the world, pioneering the fabless manufacturing model.
  4. The company’s headquarters is located in Hsinchu Science Park, Taiwan, often referred to as the “Silicon Valley of Taiwan.”
  5. TSMC employs over 60,000 people worldwide, with a significant portion of its workforce based in Taiwan.
  6. In 2021, TSMC’s revenue reached a record high of $57.2 billion, making it one of the most valuable semiconductor companies in the world.
  7. TSMC is the exclusive manufacturer of Apple’s A-series and M-series chips, which power iPhones, iPads, and Macs.
  8. The company’s advanced manufacturing processes, such as the 5nm and 3nm nodes, are crucial for producing high-performance and energy-efficient chips.
  9. TSMC has consistently invested heavily in research and development, allocating around 8-9% of its revenue annually to R&D efforts.
  10. The company operates several gigafabs (massive semiconductor manufacturing facilities) across Taiwan, each costing billions of dollars to construct.
  11. TSMC’s Fab 18, located in Tainan Science Park, is one of the world’s largest semiconductor manufacturing facilities, spanning an area of over 1.6 million square meters.
  12. The company’s Fab 14, located in Tainan, is dedicated to producing chips using the cutting-edge 5nm and 3nm process technologies.
  13. TSMC’s advanced chip packaging technologies, such as Integrated Fan-Out (InFO) and Chip on Wafer on Substrate (CoWoS), enable high-performance and compact chip designs.
  14. The company has a strong focus on environmental sustainability, implementing various initiatives to reduce its carbon footprint and promote green practices.
  15. TSMC has achieved numerous industry firsts, including being the first foundry to mass-produce chips using the 7nm, 5nm, and 3nm process nodes.
  16. The company’s chips are found in a wide range of devices, from smartphones and computers to gaming consoles, automotive systems, and Internet of Things (IoT) devices.
  17. TSMC has a diverse customer base, serving over 500 customers worldwide, including industry leaders like Apple, Nvidia, AMD, Qualcomm, and MediaTek.
  18. The company’s advanced packaging technologies, such as InFO and CoWoS, have revolutionized chip design by enabling heterogeneous integration of different components on a single package.
  19. TSMC’s research and development efforts have led to numerous breakthrough technologies, including High Aspect Ratio Process (HARP) for advanced chip packaging and Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) lithography for high-precision patterning.
  20. The company has a strong focus on talent development and offers various training programs and opportunities for its employees to enhance their skills and knowledge.
  21. TSMC’s commitment to innovation has earned it numerous awards and recognitions, including being named one of the world’s most innovative companies by several publications.
  22. The company’s success has played a significant role in establishing Taiwan as a global hub for semiconductor manufacturing and technology.
  23. TSMC’s advanced manufacturing capabilities have attracted investment from major tech companies, including Apple, which has invested billions of dollars in TSMC’s cutting-edge chip production facilities.
  24. The company’s dedication to quality and reliability has made it a preferred choice for mission-critical applications, such as aerospace, defense, and automotive systems.
  25. TSMC’s chips are used in various artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning applications, powering advanced computing systems for data analysis and decision-making.
  26. The company has a strong focus on intellectual property protection, implementing robust measures to safeguard its proprietary technologies and trade secrets.
  27. TSMC’s commitment to corporate governance and ethical business practices has earned it numerous accolades, including being named one of the most ethical companies by the Ethisphere Institute.
  28. The company’s advanced manufacturing processes enable the production of chips with billions of transistors, enabling more powerful and energy-efficient computing devices.
  29. TSMC’s partnerships with leading research institutions and universities have fostered innovation and the development of cutting-edge technologies.
  30. The company’s diverse workforce, comprising individuals from various cultural backgrounds, is a key strength that drives its global competitiveness.
  31. TSMC’s state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities employ advanced automation and robotics to ensure precision and efficiency in chip production.
  32. The company’s strong supply chain management and close collaboration with suppliers and partners have played a crucial role in its success.
  33. TSMC’s commitment to continuous improvement has led to the implementation of lean manufacturing practices, resulting in increased productivity and reduced waste.
  34. The company’s advanced packaging technologies have enabled the development of high-performance, low-power chips for various applications, including 5G communications and autonomous vehicles.
  35. TSMC’s chips are used in various space exploration missions, including NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover and the James Webb Space Telescope.
  36. The company’s advanced manufacturing processes have enabled the production of chips with transistors smaller than 5 nanometers, pushing the boundaries of Moore’s Law.
  37. TSMC’s commitment to corporate social responsibility has led to numerous initiatives focused on education, environmental protection, and community development.
  38. The company’s advanced chip designs have enabled the development of more compact and powerful devices, contributing to the miniaturization of electronics.
  39. TSMC’s chips are used in various medical devices and healthcare applications, such as diagnostic imaging equipment, patient monitoring systems, and wearable health trackers.
  40. The company’s advanced manufacturing capabilities have played a crucial role in the development of high-performance computing systems for scientific research and simulations.
  41. TSMC’s chips are used in various industrial automation and control systems, enabling more efficient and precise manufacturing processes.
  42. The company’s advanced packaging technologies have enabled the integration of various components, such as processors, memory, and sensors, into a single package, improving performance and reducing power consumption.
  43. TSMC’s commitment to innovation has led to the development of new materials and processes for chip manufacturing, pushing the boundaries of what is possible.
  44. The company’s manufacturing facilities employ advanced security measures to protect sensitive data and intellectual property.
  45. TSMC’s chips are used in various defense and aerospace applications, including avionics systems, communication equipment, and radar systems.
  46. The company’s advanced manufacturing processes have enabled the production of chips with enhanced performance and power efficiency, contributing to the development of more capable and energy-efficient computing devices.
  47. TSMC’s collaboration with academia and research institutions has fostered the development of new technologies and the training of future engineers and scientists.
  48. The company’s advanced chip designs have enabled the development of more immersive and realistic virtual and augmented reality experiences.
  49. TSMC’s commitment to continuous improvement and innovation has positioned it as a leader in the semiconductor industry, driving technological advancements that shape the future of computing and electronics.


TSMC’s remarkable journey, from its humble beginnings to becoming a global semiconductor powerhouse, is a testament to its innovative spirit, commitment to excellence, and dedication to pushing the boundaries of what is possible. With its advanced manufacturing capabilities, cutting-edge technologies, and unwavering focus on innovation, TSMC continues to shape the future of the semiconductor industry and enable groundbreaking advancements across various sectors, from consumer electronics to healthcare, aerospace, and beyond.

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